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  • Writer's pictureDr. Jothinathan Kandasamy

How to keep your kidneys healthy? What are the fruits to lower creatinine level? For Kidney related patients - What to eat and avoid?

Updated: Mar 14



Republishing this article as it's World Kidney Day today.


Keeping your kidneys healthy is essential for overall well-being. Here are some tips to help maintain kidney health:

  1. Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water throughout the day to help your kidneys flush out toxins and waste products from your body. Aim for at least 8-10 glasses of water per day, or more if you're physically active or in a hot climate.

  2. Eat a balanced diet: Maintain a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins.

  3. Monitor your blood pressure: High blood pressure can damage the kidneys over time. Monitor your blood pressure regularly.

  4. Manage diabetes: Diabetes is a leading cause of kidney disease. If you have diabetes, work closely with your Physician to manage your blood sugar levels.

  5. Maintain a healthy weight: Obesity is linked to an increased risk of kidney disease.

  6. Exercise regularly: Regular physical activity can help improve kidney function and lower the risk of chronic kidney disease. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.

  7. Limit alcohol intake: Excessive alcohol consumption can put a strain on your kidneys and increase the risk of kidney disease.

  8. Quit smoking: Smoking can damage blood vessels and increase the risk of kidney disease.

  9. Get regular check-ups: Visit your healthcare provider regularly for check-ups and screenings, especially if you have risk factors for kidney disease such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or a family history of kidney problems. Early detection and treatment can help prevent kidney disease from progressing. Here are some Indian fruits that may offer benefits for kidney health: Remember, while incorporating these fruits into your diet, it's crucial to maintain a balanced intake and consult with your physician or a dietitian, especially if you have existing kidney problems or are managing creatinine levels.

  10. Amla: Amla is rich in vitamin C and antioxidants, which can help protect the kidneys from oxidative damage and inflammation. It may also support overall kidney function.

  11. Pomegranate: Pomegranate is packed with antioxidants and has anti-inflammatory properties. It may help improve kidney function and reduce the risk of kidney disease.

  12. Watermelon: Watermelon is high in water content and is a natural diuretic, which can help flush out toxins from the body and support kidney function. It is also low in potassium, making it suitable for individuals with kidney issues.

  13. Jamun: Jamun is rich in antioxidants and has been traditionally used in Ayurveda for its medicinal properties. It may help maintain kidney health and prevent kidney-related complications.

  14. Banana: While bananas contain potassium, which needs to be monitored in individuals with kidney issues, they are also a good source of vitamin B6, which can help prevent kidney stones.


For individuals with kidney-related issues, it's crucial to follow a kidney-friendly diet to help manage symptoms, prevent complications, and slow the progression of kidney disease. Here are some dietary guidelines for kidney patients:

Foods to Eat:

  1. Low-potassium fruits and vegetables: Opt for fruits and vegetables that are lower in potassium, such as apples, berries, grapes, cauliflower, green beans, and cabbage. Be mindful of portion sizes.

  2. Low-phosphorus foods: Choose foods that are lower in phosphorus, including white bread, rice, pasta, corn, green beans, and cabbage. High-phosphorus foods can be taxing on the kidneys.

  3. Whole grains: Incorporate whole grains like brown rice, whole wheat bread, oats, and quinoa into your diet for fiber and nutrients without excess phosphorus or potassium.

  4. Healthy fats: Include sources of healthy fats such as olive oil, avocado, nuts, and seeds in moderation to support overall health.

  5. Low-sodium foods: Limit sodium intake by choosing fresh or minimally processed foods and avoiding high-sodium processed foods, canned soups, and salty snacks.

  6. Dairy alternatives: If you need to limit dairy due to phosphorus or potassium restrictions, opt for dairy alternatives like almond milk or rice milk, which are lower in these minerals.

  7. Herbs and spices: Use herbs, spices, and lemon juice to flavor foods instead of salt, which can help reduce sodium intake.

Foods to Avoid or Limit:

  1. High-potassium foods: Limit or avoid high-potassium foods such as bananas, oranges, tomatoes, potatoes, spinach, and beans, as they can cause potassium levels to rise dangerously in individuals with kidney problems.

  2. High-phosphorus foods: Reduce intake of foods high in phosphorus, including dairy products, nuts, seeds, whole grains, and processed foods.

  3. Processed and packaged foods: Avoid processed and packaged foods, as they are often high in sodium, phosphorus additives, and other unhealthy ingredients.

  4. Red meat: Limit consumption of red meat and processed meats, as they contain high levels of protein and phosphorus, which can strain the kidneys.

  5. Alcohol: Limit alcohol consumption, as it can interfere with kidney function and increase blood pressure.

  6. Sugary foods and beverages: Reduce intake of sugary foods and beverages, as they can contribute to weight gain, diabetes, and other conditions that can worsen kidney health.


It's important for individuals with kidney-related issues to work closely with your physicians or a registered dietitian to develop a personalized meal plan that meets their specific dietary needs and medical requirements.

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