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  • Writer's pictureDr. Chitra Jothinathan

Unlocking the Secrets of Eczema: Understanding Triggers and Effective Remedies for All Seasons

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition characterized by inflammation, redness, itching, and dryness of the skin. It is often more prevalent during extreme atmospheric temperatures, such as hot and humid summers or cold and dry winters. These environmental factors can disrupt the skin's natural barrier function, leading to increased sensitivity and susceptibility to eczema flare-ups. In hot and humid conditions, excessive sweating can irritate the skin and trigger eczema symptoms, while cold and dry weather can lead to moisture loss and further skin irritation.

To manage eczema during extreme atmospheric temperatures, it's important to focus on skincare routines that help restore and maintain the skin's barrier function. Firstly, individuals with eczema should use gentle, fragrance-free cleansers and moisturizers suitable for sensitive skin. Moisturizing regularly, especially after bathing or washing hands, helps lock in moisture and prevent dryness. During hot and humid weather, wearing loose, breathable clothing and avoiding excessive sweating can help reduce skin irritation. In colder months, using a humidifier indoors to add moisture to the air and wearing protective clothing and gloves can prevent moisture loss and skin dryness.

Additionally, identifying and avoiding triggers that worsen eczema symptoms is crucial. Common triggers include certain fabrics (such as wool or synthetic materials), harsh soaps or detergents, allergens like pollen or pet dander, and stress. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet rich in nutrients and staying hydrated, can also support overall skin health and reduce eczema flare-ups. For severe or persistent eczema symptoms, consulting a dermatologist for personalized treatment options, such as topical corticosteroids, antihistamines, or immunomodulators, may be necessary to manage the condition effectively.

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