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  • Writer's pictureDr. Chitra Jothinathan

What is the cause of snoring and what are the side effects of it? Do we have any treatment?

Snoring is typically caused by the vibration of tissues in the throat while sleeping due to obstructed air movement during breathing. Common causes include nasal congestion, relaxed throat muscles, obesity, alcohol consumption, and sleep position. Side effects of snoring can include disrupted sleep for both the snorer and their partner, daytime fatigue, irritability, and in severe cases, it can indicate underlying health conditions like sleep apnea, which increases the risk of cardiovascular problems.

Several treatments can help reduce snoring:

1. Lifestyle changes: Losing weight, avoiding alcohol before bedtime, quitting smoking, and establishing regular sleep patterns can reduce snoring.

2. Changing sleep position: Sleeping on your side instead of your back can prevent the tongue from collapsing into the throat and obstructing airflow.

3. Nasal strips or sprays: These can help open up nasal passages and reduce congestion, improving airflow.

4. Oral appliances: Mandibular advancement devices (MADs) or tongue-retaining devices can help keep the airway open by repositioning the jaw or tongue during sleep.

5. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy: This involves wearing a mask connected to a machine that delivers a continuous stream of air to keep the airway open during sleep, often used for obstructive sleep apnea but can also help with snoring.

6. Surgery: In cases of severe snoring or obstructive sleep apnea, surgical procedures such as uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP), tonsillectomy, or adenoidectomy may be recommended to remove or reduce excess tissue blocking the airway.

It's essential to consult with a sleep disorder treatment Doctor to determine the most appropriate treatment.

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